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How to setup FTP Server on centos 7.3(VSFTP)

Setting up FTP Server on Centos 7.3:

Ftp server is used to exchange files between computers over network.

Setup FTP server on Centos 7:-

Step1:- Updating Repository and installing VSFTP package

[root@newdelhihosting ~] # yum check-update

If update is available update the server and reboot it.

[root@newdelhihosting ~] # yum -y install vsftpd
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package vsftpd.x86_64 0:3.0.2-22.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Running transaction
Installing : vsftpd-3.0.2-22.el7.x86_64 1/1
Verifying : vsftpd-3.0.2-22.el7.x86_64 1/1

vsftpd.x86_64 0:3.0.2-22.el7


Step2:Modifying the configuration files

After installation, you can find “vsftpd.conf” file under /etc/vsftpd/ which is the main configuration file for VSFTP.

Take a backup copy before making changes

[root@newdelhihosting~] # cp vsftpd.conf vsftpd.conf1

Now open the configuration file and make changes as below

[root@newdelhihosting~] # nano /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

Find for anonymous_enable=YES and change value to NO to disable anonymous FTP access.


Uncomment the below line to restrict users to their home directory.


Now, add the following lines at the end of file to enable passove mode and allow chroot writable


Step 3 : Now restart vsftpd service and make it start automatically after reboot.

[root@newdelhihosting~] # systemctl restart vsftpd.service
[root@newdelhihosting~] # systemctl enable vsftpd.service

Step 4 : Enable firewall and add FTP service in firewall to allow ftp ports.

[root@newdelhihosting~] # systemctl enable firewalld.service
[root@newdelhihosting~] # firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=ftp
[root@newdelhihosting~] # firewall-cmd --reload

Step 5 : Setup SEinux to allow ftp access to the users home directories.

[root@newdelhihosting~]# setsebool -P ftp_home_dir on

Step 6 : Now create an user for ftp access. Here /sbin/nologin shell is used to prevent shell access to the server.

[root@newdelhihosting~]# useradd -m webhostchennai -s /sbin/nologin
[root@newdelhihosting~]# passwd webhostchennai

Changing password for user webhostchennai.
New password:
Retype new password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

Now, the user newdelhihosting can able to login FTP on port 21

You can use any FTP client for transferring the files.

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